Cardwell Primary School

Cardwell Primary School

Mutual respect, resilience, responsibility, tolerance and perseverance

Learning for life


Throughout the school, English is taught in the form of daily lessons. In addition to this, staff link all other curriculum areas to literacy (where possible) in order to make provision for pupils to practise their skills by using and applying.   We use the ethos behind text based learning, where there is an engaging text at the core of our teaching.  Our aim for all children is that they read, write and communicate fluently so they are able to function confidently, in real life situations with real life links.  Lessons are also planned providing opportunities for writing presentations, including poetry, and drama.  Debate and discussion conventions are taught and modelled through a range of subjects.      

Speaking and Listening

Children are encouraged by all staff to express themselves orally in an appropriate manner. Staff model ways in which to match style and response to audience and purpose. Children are able to demonstrate that they understand what makes a good listener and this skill is encouraged in all aspects of school life. Children are encouraged to make use of their speaking and listening skills when talking to adults around school, carrying out the day to day running of their clubs, talking to peers and younger children. We make opportunities for children to speak to adults outside of school through a variety of real life projects and situations; we believe this empowers the children for the future. Pupils regularly plan and present whole school assemblies, further providing opportunities for children to talk to an audience.

Where possible opportunities for speaking and listening are planned for within lessons throughout the curriculum, these take the form of drama and role play activities, hot seating and response partner work.

When reading in class children are encouraged to discuss their opinions of the book and make predictions and book clubs run for avid readers.

Reading and Phonics

We use Letters and Sounds RTPA teaching sequence and supplement this with Jolly Phonics actions and pictures to reinforce. 

We use the Oxford Reading Tree scheme in EYFS and across KS1 and KS2

Reading is taught throughout the school with a focus on the strategies used to decode as well as the comprehension of texts. The strategies taught build upon each other as children progress through the school. The following strategies are taught at Cardwell School:

  • Phonics
  • 1 to 1 reading
  • Shared reading
  • Guided reading
  • Whole Class Reading

In order that the children gain a life-long love of reading, we provide them with a wide range of stimuli, including visual media. These include interesting, age-appropriate books in class reading corners as well as the large school library and extensive stock of guided reading books; part of the Oxford Reading Tree Scheme.   It is through our resources that children are able to read widely across fiction and non-fiction, experiencing a range of text types.  We also hold an annual book week. During this week authors are invited to school, opportunities to dress up as book characters are provided and parents and carers are invited into classes and encouraged to share their much loved books with the children. We also host book fairs, which provide parents and carers the opportunity to spend time with their children choosing books to purchase for home.

In order to promote a love of reading and develop an interest in the world of books, we invite authors and theatre companies to school on a regular basis.  

Every Child Reading Every Day (ECRED) is our intervention that has been in place since 2013.  In year 1 every child reads to an adult every day and takes home key words to revisit and practise.


Staff use the New Curriculum objectives. The school’s literacy policy has been written with a focus on the 2014 curriculum.

When writing, pupils understand the following:

  • There is a purpose to all types of writing
  • The need to consider their audience when writing
  • There are a range of text types; each with their own features and conventions to be applied when writing.
  • Their writing must make sense and flow.
  • The need to pay close attention to Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar (EGPS) when working in order to improve the sense and clarity of their work.
  • Writing is a process which allows for changes and edits to be made.
  • A wide range of interesting and exciting vocabulary should be experimented with.
  • They can look at and make use of existing real life examples when working
  • That writing is an enjoyable activity with great value.
  • There are different dimensions to the writing process; immersion, practise and application.


At Cardwell, children in KS1 begin to learn cursive script, where appropriate in line with the 2014 curriculum.   Handwriting is taught in a lesson and then practised through early morning work and encouraged in all aspects of the curriculum thus promoting understanding and application.